25th Earthquake Safety Day | ESD | NSET

25th Earthquake Safety Day

भूकम्प सुरक्षित पूर्वाधार, सुरक्षित जीवनको आधार
Earthquake Resilient Infrastructures for Safer Lives!
25th ESD

What is an Earthquake?

An earthquake is an intense shaking of Earth's surface. The shaking is caused by movements in Earth's outermost layer. Although the Earth looks like a pretty solid place from the surface, it’s actually extremely active just below the surface.


निमन्त्रणा/ Invitation/ Poster





Prepare yourself

Once you feel earthquake shaking and inside, find a safe place and perform "Drop, Cover and Hold".
If you are in a place such as department store, or an exhibition hall, follow the instructions of the security guard or warden.
If you are at ground floor and near to exit, follow the safest and shortest route for evacuation. Be careful if the exit leads into a narrow lane which could be dangerous.
If you are outside, protect your head;avoid hazards like falling buildings, trees, electricity poles, bridges etc.
If you are in an automobile, move to the left curb and park, do not enter prohibited areas;avoid tall buildings, poles, tall trees and bridges.
Be careful of landslides, rock falls and impending hazards.
Do not panic or perform unsafe act such as rushing, jumping out of window.
Before evacuating, if possible turn off flames or heat sources that can cause fire.
As shaking stops, grab your Go Bag and then evacuate.
Ignore rumors, move only after receiving accurate information.

If you are inside a Building Duck, Cover and Hold
» Find a safe place and “DROP”
» “COVER” your head and your neck
» “HOLD” on to something stable
» Take deep breaths and stay calm
» Stay where you are until shaking stops

If you are trapped insid
» Remain quiet, breathe slowly and believe in your survival
» Panicking and shouting can exhaust you very quickly
» wait for signals & respond with a whistle

DO not
» Do not Panic and run
» Staircases are usually unsafe!
» Do not jump out from windows, balconies!
» If your are outside
» Get into nearest open space
» If you are in a city, seek shelter under doorways
» Do not try to walk through narrow streets
» Be Careful if you are driving (avoid Bridges, tall buildings, do not stop abruptly)

» Be Prepared for Aftershocks. Lead your family to a previously identified safe place outdoors.
» Check for Hazards in your house. Put out fires immediately. Turn off gas, electricity and water at main source. Clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, kerosene. Leave the house if a fire cannot be put out or gas leak is detected.
» Beware of items falling off shelves when you open doors of cupboards.
» Check for Food and water supplies. Plan meals to use up food that will spoil quickly. Food in the freezer should be good for at least 2 days days, if the door is kept closed. If your water supply is cut off you can drink water from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables. Use barbecues or camp stoves outdoors, and only for emergency cooking.
» Help injured or Trapped People. Administer first-aid (if you know how). DO NOT try to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury. Get medical help for the seriously injured.
» Tie pets and domestic animals. Be wary of all animals.
» Wear shoes to avoid injury from broken glass and debris.
» DO NOT enter any building.
» DO NOT turn on the gas again if you have turned it off.
» DO NOT use matches, lighters, stoves, electrical appliances and equipment until you are sure there are no gas leaks. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire.
» DO NOT use your telephone except for a medical or fire emergency. The telephone lines are needed for emergency services.
» DO NOT leave any child alone. Talk and play with the children.
» DO NOT drive. Walk or use a bicycle.
» DO NOT criticize or pass judgment on rescue workers. They are doing it under severe constraints.
» DO NOT panic and shout for help, If you are trapped inside a collapse building. Breathe slowly and believe in your survival. Response when you hear signals from outside. The best way to response is to blow a whistle.

Earthquake Risk Reduction and Preparedness